Baboons have thick fur with dog like muzzles, powerful
jaws, and close-set eyes, short tails and rough spots on their
rumps, which allow for comfortable sitting Weight varies between
species. Chacma baboon can weigh up to 40kg and be 120cm in
height whilst the Guinea baboon is 50cm and weighs about 14kg.
Scared / Hamadryas Baboon (Papio hamdryas)
Guinea Baboon (Papio papio)
Olive baboon (Papio anubis)
Yellow Baboon (Papio cynocephalus)
Chacma baboon ( Papio ursinus)
CITES Classification for the Baboon:
Habitat of the Baboon:
Savanna, woodlands and hills across Africa.
Baboon Social Structure:
The species live in troops with a strong hierarchy of 5-250
animals. The structure varies between species.
Hamadrya have small groups within larger groups. Females from
within the troop are recruited to join the smaller groups or
harems, which comprise of 1 males and 4 or so females.
Vocal exchanges indicate the dominance between individuals.
Baboon Life Cycle:
The mating behaviour depends on the social structure of the
Some troops allow males to mate with any female depending on
the hierarchy between the males whilst others try to win the
affection on the female by grooming or supplying food.
Hamadryas males guard their females constantly even biting or
grabbing if they wander too far. Males will still raid harems
to steal females for another group.
Gestation is six months with females generally giving birth
every year to a single young.
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